explain enterprise architecture

EA delivers value by presenting business and IT leaders with signature-ready recommendations for adjusting policies and projects to achieve target business outcomes that capitalize on relevant business disruptions. The intent of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can effectively achieve its current and future objectives. There is a growing demand to reduce costs, increase flexibility, and regulate technology environments. Other common goals include promoting team alignment and standardization. The chapter describes a framework in which Java Enterprise System deployment architecture s is analyzed along three dimensions: logical tiers, infrastructure service levels, and quality of service. Provide 5 ways to mitigate risk associa The business perspective defines the processes and standards by which the business operates on a day-to-day basis. “Congress, OMB and the IT community are SO distracted from the underlying plot of the Clinger-Cohen Act — it was NEVER about the technology but rather how you could transform mission and support processes through the thoughtful application of technology,” Brubaker said. Softw., vol. Documenting the architecture of enterprises is done within the U.S. Federal Government[20] in the context of the Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC) process. [Online]. The software helps users in developing strategic roadmaps and architectures that enable business and IT alignment. This process later expanded to the entirety of a business, not just information technology (IT). It provides a common approach for the integration of strategic, business and technology management as part of organization design and performance improvement. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) – which is a reference model that was introduced in 1996 for IT effectiveness. In the case of Enterprise Architecture, these models describe the logical business functions or capabilities, business processes, human roles and actors, the physical organization structure, data flows and data stores, business applications and platform applications, hardware, and communications infrastructure. (B)includes— [24][25][26] Analyst firm Real Story Group suggested that enterprise architecture and the emerging concept of the digital workplace were "two sides to the same coin. It was designed for the U.S. government, but can be used in private companies as well. It includes those organizations' complete socio-technical systems,[5] including people, information, processes, and technologies. Oracle Enterprise Architecture is another example of an EA tool. IT complexity – Enterprise architecture contributes to a reduction in IT complexity, consolidation of data and applications, and to better, IT openness – Enterprise architecture contributes to more. Enterprise architecture will help multiple departments in a business understand the broader business model and articulate challenges and business risks. Discover the benefits and drawbacks that come with allowing a ... Finding the right server operating temperature can be tricky. It can become an important part to. The second step is about promoting and manage services or products. The information perspective defines and classifies the raw data (such as document files, databases, images, presentations and spreadsheets) that the organization requires in order to operate efficiently. FEA Practice Guidance Federal Enterprise Architecture Program Management Office OMB, (2007), "Volkswagen of America: Managing IT Priorities," Harvard Business Review, October 5, 2005, Robert D. Austin, Warren Ritchie, Greggory Garrett, Clay Richardson, Forrester Blogs – Design Thinking Reshapes EA For Dynamic Business, (2013), Joe McKendrick, ZDNet – Gartner urges more 'design thinking' to break enterprise architecture out of its silo, (2010). In this case, a framework like the Unified Architecture Framework (UAF) may work. Roughly. He needs support from IT to do his job, so they cater to his wishes. For example, let's say a corporation called TechToYou has a department that focuses on developing hardware devices, another that develops software for those devices and yet another that is responsible … As with any complex topic it is best explained with pictures. High-level programmers will use enterprise architecture when referring to the hardware and software components in a design. Enterprise integrating – According to this school of thought, the purpose of EA is to achieve greater coherency between the various concerns of an enterprise (HR, IT, Operations, etc.) A Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is the Enterprise Architecture of the federal government. Enterprise architecture involves the practice of analyzing, planning, designing and eventual implementing of analysis on an enterprise. Project management – Enterprise architecture enhances the collaboration and communication between project stakeholders. Enterprise architecture expands its role in strategic business transformation: Infosys enterprise architecture survey 2008/2009. IT value – Enterprise architecture helps reduce the system's implementation and operational costs, and minimize replication of IT infrastructure services across business units. 1. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a rigorous approach for describing the structure of an enterprise. Enterprise Architecture Book of Knowledge, Planning an EA - Purpose. Paramount to changing the enterprise architecture is the identification of a sponsor. System architect focuses on a particular system and it may be a small portion of the entire enterpries. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes."[1]. ", In 2011, federal enterprise architecture consultant Stanley Gaver released a report that examined problems within the United States federal government’s enterprise architecture program. Enterprise Architecture Languages⌘ There is no de-facto language describing Enterprise Architecture in general; Most languages are domain specific or universal (not specifically covering EA) This software is driven by business strategies and simplifies technical architectures; however, it may be difficult to use for beginners. The Enterprise Architecture practice has been there for decades but in last few years it is regaining popularity as it is one of the key initiatives driven by CxOs. Do Not Sell My Personal Info. Presented at 23rd Enterprise Architecture Practitioners Conference. Therefore, Enterprise Architecture is a set of components (covering who, what, where, when, why and how), relationships between them, and operating principles for a complete organization, a line of business, or a solution from several viewpoints. (4)“enterprise architecture”— Enterprise ecosystem adaptation – the purpose of EA is to foster and maintain the learning capabilities of enterprises so that they may be sustainable. There are a couple ways to connect the disparate pieces of a multi-cloud architecture. J. Varnus and N. Panaich. It can keep everyone from different departments on the same page, from Sales to IT. The individual models in an EA are arranged in a logical manner that provides an ever-increasing level of detail about the enterprise. [37], Establishing Enterprise Architecture, as accepted, recognized, functionally integrated and fully involved concept at operational and tactical levels is identified as one of the biggest challenges facing Enterprise Architects today and one of the main reasons why many EA-Initiatives fail.[38]. (. W. Engelsman, M. E. Iacob and H. M. Franken, "Architecture-driven requirements engineering," in Proceedings of the 2009 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing(SAC '09), Honolulu, Hawaii, 2009, pp. Sign-up now. 14, no. To manage the scale and complexity of this system, an architectural framework provides tools and approaches that help architects abstract from the level of detail at which builders work, to bring enterprise design tasks into focus and produce valuable architecture description documentation. Enterprise architecture, in a business context, may have organizations distinguish their enterprise architecture from the technical architecture required to build and run applications. Domains Traditionally, Enterprise Architecture deals with many types of architecture. Despite the benefits that enterprise architecture claims to provide, for more than a decade, writers and organizations raised concerns about enterprise architecture as an effective practice. It can be regarded as three things: A Discipline. Other frameworks include The Open Group Architectural Framework, the European Space Agency Architectural Framework, the SAP Enterprise Architecture Framework or the Ministry of Defence Architecture Framework. Working from within an enterprise architecture framework will help define this. Organizational design – Enterprise architecture provides support in the areas related to design and re-design of the organizational structures during mergers, acquisitions or during general organizational change. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changesnecessary to execute their strategies. T. Obitz and M. K. Babu. Consequently, a great deal of emphasis is put on improving the capabilities of the enterprise to improve itself, to, innovations in the structure or processes of an organization, innovations in the use of information systems or technologies. System development - Enterprise architecture contributes to optimal system designs and efficient resource allocation during system development and testing. We can use EA to make sense of complexity (to a certain extent) but its application shouldn't get overly academic else you risk missing the point, basically EA is a way of thinking about an organisation's environment based labelling things. Concepts of enterprise architecture are variable, so it will not look the same for each organization. Leslie Owens, Forrester Blogs – Who Owns Information Architecture? Giachetti, R.E., Design of Enterprise Systems, Theory, Architecture, and Methods, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2010. Conducting a data protection impact assessment is key to evaluating potential risk factors that could pose a serious threat to ... Gartner's annual ranking of healthcare supply chain organizations highlights innovative processes and fast thinking. These unexpected charges and fees can balloon colocation costs for enterprise IT organizations. This will help assess the gap between business and IT and identify the silos. While this may imply that enterprise architecture is closely tied to IT, it should be viewed in the broader context of business optimization in that it addresses business architecture, performance management, and process architecture, as well as more technical subjects. Explain 5 reasons why you need an Enterprise Architecture 2. His/her mission, vision, and strategy, and the governance framework define all roles, responsibilities, and relationships involved in the anticipated transformation. Avoid lock-in to proprietary solutions b… It's about understanding the mission in sufficient detail that you can make informed purchase decisions across the enterprise, in context and in a timely manner. • A real success story and the whole point of the EA practise. The term architecture refers to fundamental concepts or properties of a system in its environment, embodied in its elements, relationships, and in the principles of its design and evolution.[6]. Increasingly, many practitioners have stressed the important relationship of Enterprise Architecture with emerging holistic design practices such as design thinking, systems thinking, and user experience design.[1]. The main goals of enterprise architecture may be to create a map or blueprint of the structure and operations of an organization. Enterprise Architecture Example - Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) This diagram shows four general steps to achieve an SOA project. [citation needed]. (ii)a target architecture; and A city planner sets building codes and plans common services such as roads and water. According to FEAPO: An Enterprise Architecture practice collaborates with many interconnected disciplines, including performance engineering and management, process engineering and management, IT and enterprise portfolio management, governance and compliance, IT strategic planning, risk analysis, information management, metadata management, and a wide variety of technical disciplines as well as organizational disciplines such as organizational development, transformation, innovation, and learning. 2012, doi:10.1109/MITP.2011.109, The Contribution of Enterprise Architecture to the Achievement of Organizational Goals: Establishing the Enterprise Architecture Benefits Framework, Technical Report, Department of Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, (.

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