ap literature and composition terms

\&`�N-��:V�QJS�5����I���v���@3����5�1X)-y A kind of language esp. Literature written purely for entertainment, with little or no attempt to provide insights into the true nature of human life or behavior. <> A metrical foot consisting of two syllables equally or almost equally accented (for example, true-blue). A man who is endowed with great courage and strength, celebrated for bold exploits, and favored by the gods, That method of characterization in which the author shows us a character in action, compelling us to infer what the character is like from what is said or done by the character, The main character of a novel, play, or film. Sitemap. Sometimes a hint as to the characters' future is given. alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (tongue twisters) allusion (a-LOO-zhuhn): a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. AP Literature & Composition PowerPoints. (�"��]��Ґo�q����)O�9ssvN�h��v����a��h�9��{�a��~F���*���t�s�.x|���1Зe�$쓨��!��5���4o�7�֘2�K]��4��������1۰36ϒA>s��������C�BY{s�Ņ�#M� �$i0� ]x�nf���J�#������(�|�u�!��=޸m֩�~�m��f'��4�ΐ��6��Ȓ��]�X�d�P>lF x�Hа忌m��ʇ�7�f���>%�3�o�\�̈́���y�3Z�ҿ]�����+�2Llz��w3�֎3G2�%�p;�� �TW"B�崷��Y��yEƴ���$;���[�O�5������O�'FjG���pԒt����]�Ș�"��� �M��LO0r�'{�^���F�Z7 �qV���&OJ�*����L�B��d)�7)�Ɨ"ҏcD�, �(��nc�����tک��J{) �U]��]�N�b�������m�n��[�-}d6�� �I���m�U����r�NLvᬍ$^e��a��%V��SzZH&���Ȅ�xk�ne��"� A repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanziac form. That condition of a successful literary work whereby all its elements work together for the achievement of its central purpose. %PDF-1.4 Conflicts are resolved, creating normality for the characters and a sense of catharsis for them and the reader. ���K�[�È�^I�� In most cases, you need to score a 3 or higher). AP English Language and Composition teaches you to deconstruct arguments and rhetorical strategies in mostly non-fiction works. A kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice. Arnold’s … … a device often used in drama where by a character relates his or her thoughts and feelings to him/herself and to the audience without addressing any of the other characters. of a certain segment of society. A character (sense 1) whose character (sense 2) is complex and many sided. (also called a short novel), a written, fictional, prose narrative longer than a novelette but shorter than a novel. Three kinds of irony are distinguished in this class: An incongruity of discrepancy between what a character says or thinks and what the reader knows to be true (or between what a character perceives and what the author intends the reader to perceive). A reference, explicit or implicit, to something in previous literature or history. The repetition of an identical or similarly accented sound or sounds in a work. The story is told by one of its characters, using the first person. A long poem in a lofty style about the exploits of heroic figures. A grand total of 235 terms that can be reviewed as flashcards, with an online test, or a matching … Stanzas formed of quatrains of iambs in which the first and third lines have four stresses (tetrameter) and the second and fourth lines have three stresses (trimeter). A meter in which the majority of feet are trochees, A metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented syllable (for example, barter). A type of literature defined as a song or poem, written in elegiac couplets, that expresses sorrow or lamentation, usually for one who has died. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. There is the expectation that you will be taking the AP Literature Exam at the end of the year. Spell. PLAY. The comparison is made explicit by the use of some such word or phrase as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems. Match. A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant. The part of a play (usually at the beginning) that provides the background information needed to understand the characters and the actions. Poems constructed by a sequence of two lines of (usually rhyming) verse in iambic pentameter. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam has consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general. A literary device in which an earlier event is inserted into a narrative. Non-metrical language; the opposite of verse. AP English Literature & Composition Master Vocabulary List Quizzes will be as follows: I will pronounce a word and you will spell it correctly, define it, and use it in a sentence with contextual clues that help … a narrator whose credibility has been seriously compromised. About this Poet from the Poetry Foundation. Here are some expectations for the AP Literature … (1) A dramatic soliloquy. %�쏢 These poems express vivid imagination as well as emotion and all flow fairly concisely. It serves as a ready reference for students as they work through the lesson activities and prepare for the AP … AP Literature and Composition Terms. EDSITEment also offers a Literary Glossary of terms cross-referenced with EDSITEment lessons. Subjects for ballads include killings, feuds, important historical events, and rebellion. ", A plot subordinate to the main plot of a literary work, An unexpected turn in the development of a plot, A type of drama, opposed to tragedy, having usually a happy ending, and emphasizing human limitation rather than human, Comedy that ridicules the manners (way of life, social customs, etc.) Created by. A sonnet rhyming ababcdcdefefgg. The author tells the story, using the third person, but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears. �"D*�cc�a��e�m���9;�j�IO������:�Њ�?R?���?wĊ�.�4pT��E�Ȝng�hj�p�o���M�R�g� �G�ҡj�%? A simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson. The angle of vision from which a story is told. A meter in which a majority of the feet contain three syllables. The ode often praises people, the arts of music and poetry, natural scenes, or abstract concepts. Repetition … Write. The test is three hours long and consists of a multiple … Not to be confused with theme. Mr. Vogel's Homepage; About the Teacher; AP Literature and Composition Assignment Calendar; AP Literature Handouts/Worksheets; MLA Help; English III . Total Cards. The author tells the story, using the third person, but is limited to reporting what the characters say or do; the author does not interpret their behavior or tell us their private thoughts or feelings. Gravity. AP Literature and Composition Terms; Shared Flashcard Set. These often come from an oral tradition of shared authorship or from a single, high-profile poet imitating the style. The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is designed to test your ability to think critically and analyze literary excerpts. Test. A situation in which there is an incongruity between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate. A struggle that takes place in a character's mind is called internal conflict. A figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, or a concept, Any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound, Unmerited or contrived tender feeling; that quality in a story that elicits or seeks to elicit tears through an oversimplification or falsification of reality, A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike. There will … ��$�T.�3���\�=,�vh~0z�X�&�$�Ki0�$G�ytfOp�?O��� \��2��`NɃB��fs?5�� �J�N�{�K˕�x About Your Pearson AP* Guide vii Preface viii Part I: Introduction to the AP Literature and Composition Examination 1 The Advanced Placement Program 3 Understanding the AP Literature and Composition Examination 6 Part II: A Review of Topics with Sample Questions 13 TOPIC 1 Literary Analysis—How to approach the AP … Any fixed pattern of rhymes characterizing a whole poem or its stanzas, The process of measuring verse, that is, of marking accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the metrical pattern, and noting significant variations from that pattern, (1) A six-line stanza (2) The last six lines of a sonnet structured on the Italian model. Flashcards. occurring in casual or playful speech, usu. It looks like your browser needs an update. This set of flashcards covers just about every AP English Literature vocabulary term. Big Idea Project. stream Arts 3 or AP English Language. Although it can be, the narrator is not usually the same person as the author. Usually, the second and fourth lines rhyme (abcb), although ballad meter is often not followed strictly. They travel to other realms and times through the texts they read and get to understand about their own culture and others. Alliteration. In this class it is subsumed under the term Metonymy. Below is a multiple-choice quiz on literary terms found on the AP Literature and Composition … (Actually, if more than 25 percent of the feet in a poem are triple, its effect is more triple than duple, and it ought perhaps to be referred to as triple meter.) ��2?���!`�RY"�|���dqr?a=�����Zs�W��:{� �9�%���]v]�l�� ����PAʊ�͕�J@��]��:6�i�*�e���v6�#z���,ſxTQ��.����v4�@fIH���Q��>���$$aWCx,�Q������?��$!�H�7Ȕ���M.|��Y�R�Q��4��]N�J:��|�c�̢f�K�D�[nn]� 5Aڕ,�l��'m|�z}K����!�;�L]C��L�-�,Ld���%����}otW�[c��'�r? A clash of actions, desires, ideas, or goals in the plot of a story or drama. The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning, of a work. A situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy. A character who is the same sort of person at the end of a story as at the beginning. "��[�� Poetry written in free verse is arranged in lines, may be more or less rhythmical, but has no fixed metrical pattern or expectation, (Sometimes called slant rhyme, sprung, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, off rhyme or imperfect rhyme), is consonance on the final consonants of the words involved. ����&�s��>l[:.���=㪸��~���9� ��Oi��(GOI��)��s���V�@'v�:t��w}/�&4�_���V������{�r\��Wc�Ѹ�M����7Go����1t4[W����o���Mut���� m\�0��ˢ��_����N+�/`#m��"�D����9c�>���B��H��¯����lz�xl|6+��MŮ�,��vD�D�J)ײma��w�GvO��E�F�y6�M:�{��)G�{)���L�/ﴣ�Z5�=:�:�F���~dz|N��ӹ�dh/��'3���C��)�5"Xgi��I˝I��̧t�~�d�������.��d�W$ ���\l����D�dײg�G�:j!o��{֤bz�S�|�$z��it��������! A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole. the speaker or the "voice" of an oral or written work. The Glossary of Literary Terms for the AP English Literature and Composition Test. A metrical foot consisting of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable (for example, rehearse), A meter in which the majority of feet are iambs, the most common English meter, A rhyme in which one or both of the rhyme-words occur within the line, A sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes, such as cdcdcd or cdecde, (also known as single rhyme) A rhyme in which the stress is on the final syllable of the words (rhyme, sublime), Regularized rhythm; an arrangement of language in which the accents occur at apparently equal intervals in time, (1) An eight-line stanza. AP Glossary of Lit and Rhetorical Terms / 1 AP Language and Composition Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Devices _____ Active Voice - The subject of the sentence performs the action. ��#)��8y���΍� (?��X�*�Jě�x�i-��d��#� u#-l�ӻ������O��b��a�+�G��^@��e��9A7��l�W�I��Gq?��P��u�D���h�V�K�r���Q|��Y:�_� a narrative folk song. �a#f�]�zYFף �N :�L�c#c;���6��|��r � AP Literature and Composition Poetry Terms. NyssaP. The use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound (for example, boom, click, plop). A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used in the service of truth Invective Denunciatory or abusive language. Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas and may be implied rather than stated explicitly. A poem that tells a story. Myths are stories that are passed on from generation to generation and normally involve religion. Ballads were usually created by common people and passed orally due to the illiteracy of the time. The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any … STUDY. High School AP English Literature and Composition Curriculum. Lyricists may find multiple ways to rhyme within a verse. Description. Narrative which presents the private thoughts of a character without commentary or interpretation by the author. a novel written as a series of documents. (also knows as sustained figure) A figure of speech (usually metaphor, simile, personification, or apostrophe) sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem, Language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally, Broadly, any way of saying something other that the ordinary way; more narrowly (and for the purposes of this class) a way of saying one thing and meaning another, Positioning opposites next to each other to heighten the contrast, A figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike, A figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience. A group of lines whose metrical pattern (and usually its rhyme scheme as well) is repeated throughout a poem, The arrangement of words to form phrases, clauses and sentences; sentence construction. Character in a story or poem who opposes the main character (protagonist). Students cultivate their understanding of literature through reading and analyzing texts as they explore … TPCASTT. A sudden descent from the impressive or significant to the ludicrous or inconsequential, The concluding action of a classical tragedy containing the resolution of the plot, A humorous incident introduced into a serious literary work in order to relieve dramatic tension or heighten emotional impact, A situation in which a character must choose between two courses of action, both undesirable. Resources Docs. A flaw in the character of the protagonist of a tragedy that brings the protagonist to ruin or sorrow, A brief speech in which a character turns from the person being addressed to speak directly to the audience; a dramatic device for letting the audience know what a character is really thinking or feeling as opposed to what the character pretends to think or feel. ͽ�������`���ݰ�M���TK���9�T���0M��~���b`92���l�cL$��"����n��Uo���o_��+�1�y��:}d6�eaE�ˇ��my�H1i瘵��YJ5mER�SN�_��[O�A�‘���S�I��B+?�G\O��R@;Q�|����Yp�����I��$a�ћ!�cl��fUܼnh>����֋�9'�%s[��ܚ $����� ��K�%F���N�5��i���|�q����u�����`��DN�� �Q�Gk0� bu�^0:-�3̑�C|ߙC ��dsL6 �m�� ��Q�.�O�9�{Oc؈F�NgS0��G=�ݦ�/� �E%h���H� }Ǎ�.$�+��'�D2I��c#��Uٳ=p� �E��Ɇ#X>�De'�jZj C��WbR$L��e��=�� �Ī`oB A*(��E�y>K���*!�qX6��"�ht�֎g��ix�7SRC���vc��;��F��lr�8M�P�7� w� ��0��{9�t!�y�� tQD���S2i�]s�B���C�����ăl���gi �͝������*�6Ӛx���g^�z���Nr>���������p5����h���y�q�D�!&q����Fj� ^�%��)��m��I�}ܓ�nhg�N)������4���Ͳr�Ȓ#CX�Wܧ����+ ( �N Pd �O����5ѺS�^Y/��0�(7�L[f���.�f���3h��mIj�[�T# A few examples of a narrative poem are epics, ballads, and metrical romances. A three-line stanza form borrowed from the Italian poets. �k66�2�6� ����I(D�fT�� ��4�20/B���(�r�#�@ EXAMPLE:Animal Farm; Dante’s Inferno; Lord of the Flies. A narrative poem can come in many forms and styles, both complex and simple, short or long, as long as it tells a story. The main difference between the two courses is that AP Literature focuses mostly on analyzing literature and poetry, while AP Language has a much broader scope. (2) A literary work written in the form of a conversation. PDF; 3.87 MB; See Where AP … Other class policies will be discussed on the first day of school. AP® English Literature and Composition 2010 Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to … Subject. AP English Literature and Composition is an introductory college-level literary analysis course. a book of long narrative in literary prose. AP Literature & Composition‎ > ‎ ... Poetry Terms HO Terms PPT. ?5�R��Zpj_8a��Z%���#7�r1�W0�m�j�2�~��3`�s�/�#Y��]q��ߵ�Bc�41���e�f\|�y���fӎJ�U{j�VR�#�Rċg�� (:��~H�9O�^a��D��3`=�i�0�!�!I�*�޹��m� Drama in which a noble protagonist — a person of unusual moral or intellectual stature or outstanding abilities — falls to ruin during a struggle caused by a tragic flaw (or hamartia) in his character or an error in his rulings or judgments. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. Often breaks suspension of disbelief. H�j�������k���5��M�y1b���,�'��9�{d=�� vKX3�+���#�5��*Q�.��OQe쏲���VD������$�?EpP���\v��I(�� ,��SGpBZ��a�Ґ#T S`~"��23Gq��j)�&Ã�*U)�N����mO��o�t0rOi�jYD<2�-����KG�[�U�KoF����2Pj8�.3*�51B,����J�%�oKw��h,�`�q�Ֆ\��a�~��Vc������Ki]$}ꥃ$J\c�IR�-���vq��1���A��n��F���1��,a.�Z8�. Types include masculine and feminine, among others. (god from the machine) The resolution of a plot by use of a highly improbable chance or coincidence (so named from the practice of some Greek dramatists of having a god descend from heaven at the last possible minute—in the theater by means of a stage machine—to rescue the protagonist from an impossible situation). Usually a lyric poem of moderate length, with a serious subject, an elevated style, and an elaborate stanza pattern. a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of that other character's personality, throwing these characteristics into sharper focus. Title. (2) A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement. … The AP English Literature and Composition course is offered for high school students who wish to gain college credit by exam. Oh no! any story that attempts to explain how the world was created or why the world is the way that it is. An ending in which the central problem or conflict is left unresolved, An emotion, desire, physiological need, or similar impulse that acts as an incitement to action, An unusual set of circumstances for which the reader craves an explanation; used to create suspense, A statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements, The sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed, A situation in which an author gives the plot a twist or turn unjustified by preceding action or by the characters involved. The main idea, or message, of a literary work. End rhymes have words that rhyme at the end of a verse-line. Anapestic and dactylic are both triple meters. English III: 5th Hour Calendar In May, students will take the AP English Literature and Composition Exam (required) in order to earn college credit (Requirements vary by college. Terms … A literary device in which a later event is inserted into a narrative. The exam tests your ability to recognize stylistic elements of literature, and assess the effectiveness of literature… is when the plot is presented in a non-causal order, with events presented in a random series jumping to and from the main plot with flashbacks or flashforwards; or in any other manner that is either not chronological or not cause and effect, for example, in medias res. 5 0 obj A fixed form of fourteen lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme conforming to or approximating one of two main types—the Italian or the English. A short account of an interesting or humorous incident. A narrative or description having a second or symbolic meaning beneath the surface one. The narrator is one of three types of characters in a given work, (1) participant (protagonist or participant in any action that may take place in the story), (2) observer (someone who is indirectly involved in the action of a story), or (3) non participant (one who is not at all involved in any action of the story). which the writer usually tries to … A figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply, What a word suggests beyond its basic definition; a word's overtones of meaning, The basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word, The poetic representation of a painting or sculpture in words. A rhyme in which the stress is on the penultimate (second from last) syllable of the words (picky, tricky), The basic unit used in the scansion or measurement of verse. Legacy 2000. test. Allegory: Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with … This is a … … AP English Literature and Composition Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. Its content or structure ideally parallels the rhyme scheme, falling into three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet; but it is often structured, like the Italian sonnet, into octave and sestet, the principal break in thought coming at the end of the eighth line. ALLEGORYstory or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities. A short narrative making an edifying or cautionary point and often employing animal characters that act like human beings, A kind of fiction that pictures creatures or events beyond the boundaries of known reality, Literature that provides valid insights into the nature of human life or behavior. Unreliable narrators are usually first-person narrators. (1) Any of the persons involved in a story or play [sense 1] (2) The distinguishing moral qualities and personal traits of a character, The second most important character, after the protagonist, often a foil or eventual antagonist, A method of characterization in which the author, by exposition or analysis, tells us directly what a character is like, or has someone else in the story do so, A character (sense 1) who during the course of a story undergoes a permanent change in some aspect of character, A character (sense 1) whose character (sense 2) is summed up in one or two traits. If these couplets do not rhyme, they are usually separated by extra white space. 102. }u�����_�������ߎ����_�������:��-��=6����t�:6����^��=:�A+s�t�WW����i�δ����9v�묽�֝���io��ݫ��J�ۧ����������1�������Vkw�}gG�=�k�a�u���x��^;{�ݤM���u���������3�l��'��F�S����Uʂ�4}'3�V�/~����Z�����+m�R�p-��n�Pk�!Іz��|uu����w����ܷ�[���=z}x�����o� Broadly, any way of saying something other that the ordinary way; more narrowly (and for the purposes of this class) a way of saying one thing and meaning another. Compare Theme. That development of plot in a story that precedes and leads up to the climax, The turning point or high point of a plot, The falling action immediately follows the climax and shows the aftereffects of the events in the climax, (Also called the resolution) the conclusion of the story. ���G�B��[:�y�Ba�>3��F� Fable A short narrative making an edifying or cautionary … The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, map-moon, kill-code, preach-approve), A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by one accented syllable (for example, understand), A meter in which a majority of the feet are anapests, (also known as imperfect rhyme, near rhyme, slant rhyme, or oblique rhyme) A term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rimes (for example, arrayed-said). (into the middle of things) is a Latin phrase denoting the literary and artistic narrative technique wherein the relation of a story begins either at the mid-point or at the conclusion, rather than at the beginning, establishing setting, character, and conflict via flashback and expository conversations. An object, character, or event whose only reason for existing is to advance the story. Most myths were first spread by oral tradition and then were written down in some literary form. (1) A short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation. The author tells the story, using the third person, knowing all and free to tell us anything, including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do. The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs, (literary) Something that means more than what it is; an object, person, situation, or action that in addition to its literal meaning. Internal rhymes have words that rhyme within it. A rule of conduct or maxim for living expressed or implied as the "point" of a literary work. (2) A literary composition in such form, A short, pithy saying that expresses a basic truth or practical precept, A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words, Bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed. (2) A four-line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme. (2) The first eight lines of a sonnet, especially one structured in the manner of an Italian sonnet. Words to Know for the exam/ class. All Vocabulary Terms. Learn. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. The rhyme scheme is: aba, bcb, cdc, ded, etc. Sometimes the antagonist is an animal, an idea, or a thing. Many ancient literary works are, in fact, myths as myths appear in every ancient culture of the planet. The AP English Literature and Composition course focuses on reading, analyzing, and writing about imaginative literature (fiction, poetry, drama) from various periods. A rhyme in which is when the later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to another. This AP English Literature and Composition class covers a review of characterization in prose works. A figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means, or of saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants. A regional variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, Substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for a harsh, blunt, or offensive one. Students engage in close reading and critical analysis of imaginative literature … Poetry with a meter, but not rhymed, usually in iambic pentameter, The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, book-plaque-thicker), Two successive lines, usually in the same meter, linked by rhyme, A metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables (for example, merrily), A meter in which a majority of the feet are dactyls, A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation — the opposite of enjambment, Or run-on line, a line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line — the opposite of an end-stopped line. made up of short-lived coinages and figures of speech deliberately used in place of standard terms. These poems are generally short, averaging roughly twelve to thirty lines, and rarely go beyond sixty lines.

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